Source: Cadillac - Extensive press releases (2), video, and preliminary specifications after the jump.
2014 CTS Sedan Stretches Cadillac’s Design Philosophy
Longer, lower, leaner exterior complemented by hand-crafted, connected cabin
The 2014 Cadillac CTS sedan evolves Cadillac’s Art & Science design philosophy, with new a proportion that resizes the brand’s signature sport sedan, giving it a longer, leaner aesthetic reflective of its lightweight, driver-focused ethos.
Inside and out, the new CTS sedan grows dimensionally and its features are executed with the exemplary attention to detail and technological elements for which the brand is known.
“The 2014 Cadillac CTS sedan stretches literally and figuratively to take on the segment’s best with a performance-oriented spirit and confident sophistication,” said Bob Boniface, Cadillac exterior design director. “It has a lighter, thinner appearance, while taut, linear design elements emphasize its stretched profile.”
Indeed, the new CTS sedan is about five inches (127 mm) longer, with a roofline, hood line and windshield base all about an inch lower, emphasizing a long dash-to-axle proportion that enhances the car’s athletic appearance. A faster windshield profile and elongated C-pillars lend perceptual motion to the design.
The CTS sedan also rides on a longer, 114.6-inch (2,911 mm) wheelbase – 1.2 inches longer than the current model – that enhances rear-seat spaciousness and contributes to a smoother ride. Wide front/rear tracks complement the long wheelbase to reinforce its firmly planted stance and contribute to a confident feel on the road.
“The longer, leaner proportion emphasizes the CTS’s rear-drive performance orientation,” said Boniface.
Linear elements, including an uninterrupted feature line that runs from the headlamps to the tail lamps, emphasize the car’s long, lean proportion and contribute three-dimensional qualities to its surface. The sense of flow over the CTS sedan is furthered, too, with a “trapped” hood design – surrounded completely by sheet metal – that eliminates the forward cut lines between the grille and headlamps.
Cadillac’s signature bold vertical lighting elements – including LED front signature lighting details – evolve with headlamps that flow up and with the hood line. The headlamp housings incorporate crystalline LED light guides in the upper and lower forward corners, bringing uniform white illumination without hot spots and serving as the daytime running lamps.
Projector-beam halogen headlamps are standard and high-intensity discharge headlamps with Adaptive Forward Lighting System are available.
At the rear, first-, second- and third-order bezel elements within the tail lamp housings offer a distinctive rear signature for the CTS when illuminated. LED lights within crystalline blade structures ensure a crisp, uniform appearance and the Cadillac script is etched in the upper illumination blade.
Additional exterior features include:
- Wider, more prominent shield grille with Galvano low-gloss polished aluminum trim, intricate grille texture and recessed wreath and crest badge
- Unique grille texture and finish on Vsport
- Available illuminating door handles with Galvano polished aluminum finish
- Seamless Galvano aluminum trim around the side windows that reinforces CTS’s craftsmanship with the “line weighting” of an artist’s pencil – it’s thicker in some areas and thinner in others to emphasize different proportions
- Chevron-shaped center high-mounted stop lamp is inset in the leading edge of the trunk lid for a more elegant, integrated appearance
- Through-fascia trapezoidal exhaust ports are accented with chrome trim
- Seventeen-inch wheels are standard, with 18- and 19-inch wheels available.
A roomier, driver-centric cockpit interior with integrated technology and hand-crafted appointments complements the exterior elements and supports the CTS sedan’s driving experience.
“There’s an intuitive and connected feel to the cabin, with asymmetrical features that focus the controls and displays on the driver,” said Eric Clough, Cadillac director of interior design. “It’s an open, flowing space that takes advantage of the CTS’s enhanced interior room and layers it with technology, authentic materials and refined amenities to give it character that is distinctive in the segment.”
An industry-exclusive, one-piece wrapped upper instrument panel flows from the base of the windshield down to the base of the center stack, while the “brow” over the instrument cluster reaches across the center stack, exemplifying the asymmetrical cues. The center stack and the wider center console that blends with it are designed around Cadillac’s CUE infotainment system, which features a high-resolution eight-inch touch screen.
In front of the driver, a blend of analog gauges and a 5.7-inch driver information center display is standard, while other models feature a 12.3-inch color reconfigurable screen with four levels of information displays: simple, balanced, performance or enhanced.
Eight distinctive interior environments – including six two-tone combinations – are offered, each trimmed with authentic wood, carbon fiber or aluminum. Leather seating is available, including available full semi-aniline, with hand-crafted, cut-and-sewn executions.
“The range of interior environments reflects the ambience of customers’ driving experiences – from relaxed touring to serious performance,” said Clough. “They enhance the emotional connection to the CTS, while always reinforcing the craftsmanship and refinement at the foundation.”
CTS sedan also offers Cadillac’s first full-leather, 20-way adjustable front seats, which includes 14 power-assisted adjustments, a manual cushion length extension and four-way manual headrests. The 20-way full-leather seats are available, with 16-way adjustable seats standard with leather seats. The CTS’s standard seats feature 14-way adjustment.
All seats were designed to deliver segment-leading comfort and craftsmanship. Heated front and rear seats and ventilated front seats are available.
Additional interior features include:
- Hand-wrapped and motorized cup holder lid that operates with a light touch, much like inserting a disc into a DVD player
- Electrically actuated and locking glove box – with LED lighting and two tiers of storage – leads a list of multiple storage compartments that also includes a compartmentalized storage area in the center console, lit map pockets in all doors and a hidden storage area behind an articulating climate control/radio control panel
- Storage under the center armrest includes auxiliary power points, as well as SD card, auxiliary jack and USB ports
- Available indirect LED ambient lighting in the instrument panel, door panels, foot wells, door pull recesses, door map pockets, various storage locations and the front door sills – where the Cadillac script is illuminated
- Available tri-zone climate system includes vents in the rear of the center console for greater rear-seat comfort
- Available manual rear door shades and power-operated rear window shade.
The CTS is offered as a well-equipped standard model and in Luxury, Performance and Premium Collections. A Bose® Cabin Surround audio system is offered on the standard model, as well as Luxury, and it is standard with the Performance and Premium Collections. A navigation system is also available with Luxury and is standard with the Performance and Premium Collections.
The CTS sedan’s driving experience is complemented with CUE, Cadillac’s comprehensive, in-vehicle experience that merges intuitive design with smartphone-influenced controls and commands for information and entertainment data. It is designed to be unique for each consumer, from the “simple user” to the fully connected “super user.”
CUE pairs entertainment and information data from up to 10 Bluetooth-enabled mobile devices, USBs, SD cards and MP3 players with a vehicle infotainment system that reduces complexity through customized information, voice commands and only four buttons. It can store up to 60 favorites, including radio stations (AM/FM/XM), contacts, destinations, music and other media. This feature is convenient for those who travel to the same destination regularly and want to save locations such as hotels and restaurants.
The heart of CUE is the eight-inch high-resolution touch screen, seamlessly integrated into the instrument panel center stack. The vibrant, high-resolution LCD screen displays CUE’s home page, which resembles a smartphone’s screen with large, easy-to-target icons to execute commands. Customers can “fling” through lists, swipe and drag just as they would on a tablet or smartphone. In fact, users with compatible smartphones can pair them with CUE using Bluetooth or a USB connection. This gives customers the ability to play passengers’ music or other media through the vehicle
In addition to easily identifiable icons covering everything from navigation to phone to music apps such as Pandora, CUE is designed to accommodate new features and enhancements and be highly customizable. It also incorporates natural language voice recognition, which allows customers to safely place calls, enter destinations, browse media, play music and control other functions simply by telling the vehicle what to do.
A number of smartphone apps for entertainment, navigation, vehicle care and maintenance and more are available from Cadillac. They can be controlled through the CUE interface via the touch-screen, steering wheel controls or voice commands.
OnStar is also accessible with CUE. Besides the traditional Blue button, customers can access OnStar via the screen display.
Cadillac has been a leading luxury auto brand since 1902. In recent years, Cadillac has engineered a historic renaissance led by artful engineering and advanced technology.
2014 Cadillac CTS Sedan is Engineered for Excellence
Strong, lightweight structure is foundation for nimble, refined driving experience
The all-new 2014 Cadillac CTS sedan brings a renewed spirit of driver engagement and exceptional refinement to the midsize luxury segment, rooted in a lightweight, rigid structure that fosters class-challenging performance and quietness.
Cadillac’s acclaimed rear-drive architecture is the foundation for the new CTS’s driving experience. It’s borne from the architecture also used with the award-winning ATS compact luxury sedan, but optimized for the dimensions and dynamics of a midsize luxury sedan.
The all-new CTS sedan is longer, lighter and stronger than the previous CTS sedan structure, which enabled more precise ride and handling tuning, as well as a quieter driving experience.
“The architecture helps the new CTS sedan advance its performance legacy with a tremendous feeling of balance and control that is reinforced with confidence-inspiring solidity and refinement,” said John Plonka, CTS program engineering manager. “Its lightweight body structure is a strategic enabler for all elements of its performance, while its strength contributes to greater refinement through a smoother, quieter ride.”
Indeed, many elements that contribute to the CTS sedan’s balanced feel also enhance its refinement. The engine, for example, is located approximately 1.2 inches (30 mm) farther forward in the chassis than the shorter ATS, a dynamic that not only contributes to the car’s nearly 50/50 weight balance, but its quietness. That’s because the engine is further removed from the passenger compartment, which allows room for a thick, sound-absorbing pad on the front-of-dash panel that separates the engine compartment and interior.
Segment-exclusive Magnetic Ride Control is expanded to a wider range of CTS sedan models, available or standard with every engine and transmission combination, reinforcing the luxury sedan’s light, direct feel with real-time damping that delivers exceptional smoothness and ride refinement.
Low mass brings weighty rewards
Innovative applications of lightweight materials – including the first aluminum doors ever on a GM production vehicle – help the 2014 CTS weigh in with an approximate base curb weight of 3,600 lbs. (1,633 kg). That’s about 200 pounds (91 kg) less than the 2013 BMW 528i and approximately 7-percent less than the current model.
The unique aluminum front and rear door structures save about 16.5-pounds (7.5 kg) per door over traditional steel structures. Aluminum is also used for the hood, while other advanced materials, including magnesium and lightweight, high-strength, low-alloy steels and bake-hardenable steels, enabled engineers to tailor the CTS’s structure down to the last gram, ensuring strength and refinement were achieved without unnecessary mass.
Additional highlights include:
- Magnesium engine brackets are about 60-percent lighter and provide the same stiffness as conventional steel brackets
- High-pressure die-cast aluminum front strut towers combine several traditionally steel-constructed parts into a single, lightweight component that is about 40-percent lighter and eliminates about 15 separate parts
- A streamlined aluminum front chassis cradle that is about 60-percent lighter than conventional cradles.
Computer modeling helped determine where material wasn’t structurally required, allowing engineers to sculpt, scallop and create strategic lightening holes, resulting in about 6.5 pounds (3 kg) of unnecessary weight removed from the body structure.
“Every gram of material in the CTS’s structure had to justify its existence,” said Plonka. “As a result, the new CTS sedan is lighter, stiffer and more refined than its predecessor, despite being longer – a significant achievement that forms the roots of its responsive, connected driving experience.”
Indeed, the lighter, longer body-frame-integral structure is approximately 40-percent stiffer than the current model and achieves the best global torsional stiffness ratings in the segment.
Nimble, controlled driving experience
Engineers capitalized on the new CTS sedan’s low curb weight and stiff structure with carefully selected chassis and suspension components that enable its more nimble and responsive driving experience. In fact, the lightweight structure fostered a snowball effect of other lower-mass components.
“Because we didn’t have to account for a heavier body structure, were able to optimize the CTS’s driving performance without having to rely on larger, heavier components, including the wheels, tires and brake components,” said Plonka. “We optimized performance by using smaller, lighter components, which reduced unsprung weight to enhance nimbleness and responsiveness.”
The solidity of the CTS sedan’s new structure also enabled Magnetic Ride Control’s expanded application in the lineup, offering more customers the ride and handling advantages of the technically advanced real-time damping system. It delivers more precise body motion control, “reading” the road every millisecond and changing damping as quickly as five milliseconds.
Sophisticated front and rear suspension systems are at the heart of the CTS’s responsive feel and smooth driving dynamics. They include a multi-link MacPherson strut suspension, with a double-pivot design for a more precise feeling of control, and a five-link independent rear suspension that helps reduces roll-center motion, enables positive lateral control and promotes excellent dynamic stability.
CTS sedan also employs a premium electric, variable-assist power steering gear from ZF Steering Systems designed to deliver excellent response and on-center characteristics.
Quietness and refinement
Along with its more solid feel and responsive driving experience, the new CTS sedan is a very quiet car – an attribute rooted in the stronger, lighter structure.
“A stiffer, lower-mass structure makes it easier to tune out or isolate powertrain, road and wind noise,” said Plonka. “In fact, engineers focused more on tuning the sound quality in the cabin than strictly reducing the noise level. This was accomplished by reducing noises at unpleasant frequency ranges, minimizing all directional noises and allowing those noises that enhance the driving experience to be heard.”
Advanced acoustic measurement and analytical technologies, including devices that record and play back sound exactly as humans hear, were used to evaluate sounds and sound levels in test vehicles. Engineers listened to the recordings through special headphones in an acoustically optimized quiet room, allowing them to analyze the entire spectrum of sounds and eliminate, refine or enhance specific noises.
The result is an exceptionally pleasing ride experience that’s quiet when expected and pleasing when audible feedback is in order. Some of the acoustical treatments that help achieve the quiet performance include:
- An engine air intake system tuned specifically for the CTS sedan to deliver excellent airflow with lower noise
- A custom dash panel featuring strategic applications of laminated steel, which provides sound deadening in key areas rather than the entire dash, reducing the weight compared to a fully laminated or fully damped panel
- A double-wall acoustical barrier created by sandwiching the front-of-dash panel between two damping mats. The passenger-side mat is covered with a cast-foam and molded barrier that fits like a glove over the panel’s contours, while the engine-side mat is a 30mm-thick formed fiberglass component, which contains another barrier layer and fits like a glove over the dash panel
- CTS-specific acoustic material in the transmission tunnel, under the vehicle, in the rear package shelf and other areas
- Lightweight polypropylene absorption insulation that enables greater acoustic performance with less mass. It is more than 50 percent lighter, with greater sound-absorption qualities, than conventional acoustic insulation. It is used in the trunk trim, under the rear deck and throughout the interior trim
- GM-first application of vibration damping foam – similar to the memory foam found in premium bedding – is used on the top layer of the CTS sedan’s front seats to absorb resonance from the lower portion of the vehicle
- Acoustic-laminated windshield and front side-door glass are standard, with laminated rear-side doors available
- Engine compartment side curtains made a sound-absorbing, non-woven polyurethane material that close out the wheel well area down to the chassis to block noise.
“Importantly, we haven’t eliminated every sound, but blocked nuisance sounds and enhanced the quality of others, such as the strong sound of the new 3.6L Twin-Turbo engine under acceleration,” said Plonka. “The result is excellent sound quality of what you hear – and, frankly, that’s not very much, because this is an exceptionally quiet car.”
Active noise cancelation also contributes to the car’s low curb weight, because less dense, heavy sound-damping material is required throughout the body structure. The materials used to help suppress, block or eliminate noise, however, are technically advanced, and represent countless hours of analysis that determined optimal location and application size.
“Strategic applications delivered the quietness and sound quality we wanted with minimal mass,” said Plonka. “It all ties back to making the CTS as balanced as possible through low weight and high strength.”
Additionally, features including vacuum-actuated, multistate engine mounts, hydraulic ride bushings, stiffer aluminum wheels and more complement the quietness by attenuating vibration for a smoother ride that’s at the core of Cadillac’s uncompromising driving experience.
Cadillac has been a leading luxury auto brand since 1902. In recent years, Cadillac has engineered a historic renaissance led by artful engineering and advanced technology.
2014 CADILLAC CTS PRELIMINARY SPECIFICATIONS
|Model:||2014 Cadillac CTS Sedan|
|Body style / driveline:||four-door luxury sport luxury sedan, RWD/AWD|
|Construction:||unitized welded steel body with direct-mounted front cradle and rubber-isolated, multi-link independent rear suspension|
|EPA vehicle class:||midsize car|
|Manufacturing location:||Lansing Grand River Assembly, Lansing, Mich.|
|2.0L Turbo DI VVT||3.6L V-6 DI VVT||3.6L V-6 Twin-Turbo DI VVT|
(cu in / cc):
|122 / 1998||217 / 3564||217 / 3564|
|Bore & stroke (in / mm):||3.39 x 3.39 / 86 x 86||3.70 x 3.37 / 94 x 85.6||3.70 x 3.37 / 94 x 85.6|
|Block material:||cast aluminum||cast aluminum||cast aluminum|
|Cylinder head material:||cast aluminum||cast aluminum||cast aluminum|
|Valvetrain:||DOHC, four-valves per cylinder, continuously variable valve timing||DOHC, four valves per cylinder, continuously variable valve timing||DOHC, four valves per cylinder, continuously variable valve timing|
|Fuel delivery:||direct high-pressure fuel injection||direct high-pressure fuel injection||direct high-pressure fuel injection|
(hp / kW @ rpm):
|272 / 203 @ 5500||321 / 239 @ 6800*
|420 / 313 @ 5750 (SAE-certified)|
(lb-ft / Nm @ rpm):
|295 / 400 @ 1700-5500||275 / 373 @ 4800* (gas)||430 / 583 @ 3500-4500 (SAE-certified)|
|Recommended fuel:||premium recommended but not required||regular unleaded||premium required|
|Maximum engine speed (rpm):||7000||7200||6500|
(GM-estimated city / hwy):
|19 / 30 RWD
18 / 28 AWD
|19 / 28 RWD
18 / 27 AWD
|17 / 25|
|Type:||Paddle-shift six-speed, electronically controlled, automatic overdrive with torque converter clutch||Paddle-shift eight-speed, electronically controlled automatic overdrive with torque converter clutch|
|Gear ratios (:1):|
|Final drive ratio:||3.45 (RWD)
|Configuration:||rear-wheel drive or all-wheel drive|
|Differential:||Open differential (RWD/AWD) or optional electronic limited-slip (FE3/V sport)|
|Front:||FE2: MacPherson-type with dual lower
ball joints, twin-tube struts and direct-acting stabilizer bar or
uplevel optional Magnetic Ride Control with monotube inverted struts
FE3: MacPherson-type with dual lower ball joints, direct-acting stabilizer bar and Magnetic Ride Control with monotube inverted struts
|Rear:||FE2: independent five-link with twin-tube shock absorbers or uplevel optional Magnetic Ride Control with monotube shocks
FE3: independent five-link with Magnetic Ride Control with monotube shocks
|Steering type:||ZF rack-mounted electric, power-assisted and variable assist|
|Steering ratio:||FE2 RWD: 15.5
FE2 AWD: 16.17
FE3 RWD: 15.4
|Steering turns, lock-to-lock:||FE2 RWD: 2.6
FE2 AWD: 2.8
FE3 RWD: 2.5
|Turn circle (ft / m):||FE2 RWD: 37.47 / 11.42
FE2 AWD: 38.98 / 11.88
FE3 RWD: 36.75 / 11.20
|Chassis control:||four-channel StabiliTrak w/ brake assist and traction control|
|Type:||four-wheel disc with sliding calipers on base; four-channel ABS/TCS w/ DRP; Brembo brakes with fixed calipers on Luxury, Performance and Premium collections;|
|Rotor type and thickness (in / mm):||Standard front: 12.6 / 321 vented, with
Ferritic Nitro Carburized process for corrosion resistance; aluminum
Standard rear: 12.4 / 315 vented, with Ferritic Nitro Carburized process for corrosion resistance; aluminum single-piston calipers
Uplevel front: 13.6 / 345 vented, with Ferritic Nitro Carburized process for corrosion resistance; aluminum dual-piston calipers
Uplevel rear: 12.4 / 315 vented, with Ferritic Nitro Carburized process for corrosion resistance; aluminum single-piston calipers
|Wheel size and type:||17 x 8.5-inch aluminum
18 x 8.5-inch aluminum
18 x 9.5-inch aluminum (rear wheels on Vsport)
19 x 8.5-inch aluminum
275/35R18 (rear tires on Vsport)
|Wheelbase (in / mm):||114.6 / 2911|
|Length (in / mm):||195.5 / 4966|
|Height (in / mm):||57.2 / 1454|
|Width (in / mm):||72.2 / 1833|
|Track (in / mm):||front: 61.4 / 1560
rear: 61.7 / 1568
|Base curb weight (lb / kg):||3616 / 1640|
(% front / rear):
|50.3 / 48.7|
|Legroom (in / mm):||front: 42.6 / 1081
rear: 35.4 / 899
|Headroom (in / mm):||front: 39.2 / 995
rear: 37.5 / 952
|Shoulder room (in / mm):||front: 56.9 / 1446
rear: 54.8 / 1392
|Hip room (in / mm):||front: 53.8 / 1366
rear: 53.3 / 1353
|Seating capacity (front / rear):||2 / 3|
|EPA passenger volume (cu ft / L):||97 / 2746|
|EPA trunk volume (cu ft / L):||13.7 / 388|
|Trailer towing maximum (lb / kg):||1000 / 454 (3.6L)|
|Fuel tank (gal / L):||19 / 72|
|Engine oil (qt / L):||2.0L Turbo: 5 / 4.7 (RWD); 6 / 5.7 (AWD)
3.6L: 6 / 5.7 (RWD & AWD)
3.6L Twin-Turbo: 7 / 6.6
|Cooling system (qt / L):||2.0L Turbo: 9 / 8.5
3.6L: 11.9 / 11.3
3.6L Twin-Turbo engine: 11.9 / 11.3
3.6L Twin-Turbo charge cooler: 1.7 / 1.6